The World of Coffee - Basics
Updated: Feb 8, 2020
What we are expecting coffee to taste like is an individual perspective of oneself. The world of coffee provides endless possibilities and varieties of what coffee is and can be.
To get into the world of coffee is a very interesting choice to do. You'd have to gain some basic knowledge at first in order to make further progression. This knowledge can be achieved by, for example, self experiencing, reading, collecting online information, watching videos, following leading coffee professionals, join some coffee courses and more. Coffee is a whole world, It's a deep, wide and varied, and has a lot beyond just making a cup of coffee.
Coffee is consumed all over the world. The big majority of us have some kind of coffee in our kitchen, but what do you really know about this coffee? I guess at least the info written on the package, right? Take a look at one coffee package you have at home, what kind of info can you collect from it? Professionals look for the coffee variety, origin, region, process, altitude, roasting level and more. Is any of this written on the coffee package you have?
Basic facts about coffee that might help you build some of your basic coffee knowledge:
•Coffee is a fruit. It grows on a tree at various altitudes.
•The coffee grows in The Coffee Belt- an area that surrounds the Equator between 23.5 N to 23.5 S.
•The coffee can grow from very low altitudes as 9 m ASL and up to 2800 m ASL.
•There are two main varieties of the coffee plant: Robusta and Arabica.
•Brazil is the biggest coffee exporter of coffee in the world.
•Vietnam is the second-biggest producer of coffee with about 80% Robusta coffee (according to FFTC).
•The quality of the coffee we drink affects directly on our bodies. I motivate you to try to drink both Robusta and Arabica and compare how do you feel after drinking each one.
To know more about coffee you need to understand where it comes from. Who is making it? So let me take you to the 1st step of the coffee chain.
A lot of people and labor are involved before a cup of coffee finally reaches the customer. A quality cup of coffee requires a lot of investment and care and involves experts to taste, examine and rank the coffee before being exported to roasters.
Every phase is crucial in order to produce quality coffee. Usually, high-quality coffee would be rarer and in smaller quantities. The harvest would be done manually by the farmers that will collect only the ripest cherries. Lower quality coffee would be less controlled, would be produced in larger quantities and the harvest would be done with machines in order to collect more cherries but without distinction of the level of ripeness of the cherries. This is just the beginning of processing coffee which has a long way until it gets into our cups.
Through these interesting facts about coffee, coffee enthusiasts and baristas alike might broaden their knowledge and even sometimes change their concept about coffee. Talks about coffee can be pretty interesting.
Hopefully, this information could be helpful to you, but it is not enough. If you want to know more about coffee the only good way to do it is by actually going out there, experience yourself, keep asking questions and drink coffee everywhere you go.
Till next time lots of love and great coffee :-)